The ankle joint is also load-bearing. Depending on the angle, local forces of up to as much as 7-times the body weight are applied! Specific symptoms include pain, swelling tendency, feelings of instability and limited range of motion. The static problems caused by foot and toe deformities are complex.
The most relevant injuries and diseases of the foot & ankle are:
Torn ligaments and strains (particularly of the outer ligaments)
Cartilage damage (traumatic and degenerative)
Free joint bodies in the ankle joint
Impingement syndromes caused by degenerative changes (footballer’s joint)
Joint wear (arthrosis, particularly of ankle joint and metatarsophalangeal joint, hallux)
Aseptic bone necrosis (osteochondrosis dissecans)
Broken bones of the foot and ankle
Heel spurs (below or behind the heel)
Pes planovalgus calcaneus and other foot deformities
Hallux valgus and other forefoot deformities
WHAT WE DO FOR THE FOOT & ANKLE
First, the patient’s medical history or the events surrounding the accident have to be recorded exactingly. The facts obtained are used to render an accurate diagnosis. After the physical examination, including selected clinical tests, the following imaging methods may be used:
Digital X-ray (better image quality with reduced radiation exposure)
Modern ultrasound diagnosis (sonography) with color duplex option
Foot pressure measurements and treadmill analysis
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Computed tomography (CT) (radiology)
Therapeutically, conservative approaches that are preserving and gentle are usually given first and foremost consideration. These include the prescription of special orthotic insoles, ortheses or immobilization with a plaster cast. When shoe and orthotic insoles are to be prescribed, foot pressure and treadmill analyses can also be helpful. In particular, shockwave therapy is administered to treat heel spurs and inflammation of the plantar fascia. Sometimes, arthroscopic surgery is necessary. This is always performed using the more gentle key-hole technique and mostly very conveniently for the patients on an outpatient basis.
As a surgical practice, we are also happy to provide you with our expertise in this sector. Dr. Mahn’s clinical focus is on arthroscopic, minimally invasive and knee surgery. Mr. Diaz is specialized in the areas of hand, foot and soft tissue surgery.
Our practice team is young, dynamic and sincerely friendly. As a patient, athlete or sports lover, you are at the focus of all we do. Find out more about our excellently trained team and who’s responsible for what tasks.
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